Fishing Guide for Beginners

A man flying a kite in a large body of water

Fishing may seem tough at first, but when you learn the basic skills, you can slowly and gradually improve your fishing. With the right technique, license and skills, you can start fishing like a pro. Here is a useful fishing guide for beginners.

Getting a License

A person holding a fish

It is always better to start fishing after you get your fishing license. You obviously do not want to get into any kind of problems with your state’s laws. You can get your license online as well.

Place for Fishing

A body of water with a mountain in the background

Picking a suitable location for fishing is the next important step. You can download apps like Fishbrain or FishAngler that can update you on the nearest fishing resources in your area and also guide you on the type of water, whether salty or fresh.  You also need to know the place for fishing to determine the kind of fish you may catch. For example, lake fishing involves species like panfish, bass, rainbow trout, etc, while rivers include salmon, rainbow, cutthroat and more.

Fishing Etiquette

You cannot just hold a fishing rod and start fishing at the nearest water resource you find. There is a certain fishing etiquette you must adhere to. You need to be respectful of other anglers, the fish you are catching and also the environment where you are fishing.  Never try to fish in a spot where someone else is fishing. Do not catch more fishes than you can eat. Do not leave any traces around or dirty the surroundings. 


Fishing cannot be done successfully without the right gear. This includes the reel, rod, bait, lure and such other equipment. A local fishing shop might be able to provide you with the basic fishing gear. Live worms or an artificial bait, hooks, etc are required for fishing. You will also need some bobbers, that are nothing by small floating balls that sink when a fish hits the lure. For a beginner, to rely on the action of a bobber is helpful. Also, buy a rubber net, needle-nose pliers and a small tackles box to keep all your live bait and lures.

Fishing Skills

You should first learn how to tie a knot. The clinch knot attaches your hook to the lure or to your line. Also learn the Palomar knot. This one provides more strength and is easy to tie or connect your hook to your line. You should also know the surgeon’s knot that is used to connect two pieces of line.

Reading the Water

You should know where your fish is hiding to be able to fish successfully. In lakes, fishes like to hang out around the weeds. They also collect near drop offs. In rivers, fishes collect near logjams or overhanging banks. 

These are some of the basic fishing skills you must learn before you start fishing successfully.

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