The Definitive Guide to Walleye Fishing for Beginners

A person standing next to a body of water

A freshwater fish local to the inland and coastal waters of Canada and North America, walleye is a relative of Europe’s zander. The definitive guide to walleye fishing for beginners is that the body is similar to the shape of a torpedo covered in two shades: dark olive in the upper portion and golden yellow at the bottom part. Aside from that, it is decorated with brassy spots on each side of the body as well.

When it comes to size and weight, the standard size of a large yellow pike is 25 inches only. However, depending on the location and the environment, it can grow for up to 35 inches. Their average weight, on the one hand, ranges from 1 to 2 pounds— although it could sometimes exceed for up to 10 pounds.

Moreover, it has two separated dorsal fins as well. First is the anterior part which has strong spines and the other which has softer spines. The walleye has various names in different states they are native to. In parts of English-speaking Canada, for instance, they call it pickerel. In other states of North America, they call it yellow pike or yellow walleye.

Where to Find Them?

The Definitive Guide to Walleye Fishing for Beginners
The Definitive Guide to Walleye Fishing for Beginners

Although they are among the many species that are tricky to find, yellow pikes can be found in different bodies of water like lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. They typically stay in deep parts of streams with a range of not less than 10ft.

On the other hand, they can also be found both in shallow and deep portions of water. But take note that they prefer deeper areas more than shallow waters. Usually, they stay between the range of 10 to 40 ft, but it may vary depending on the season. Say, in Midwest lakes during Spring, they remain at the bottom with a depth of 10 to 15 ft and shifts to 15 to 25 ft as Summer begins.  But remember that the depth varies based on the body water and location as well.

Temperature plays an essential role in walleye fishing as well. The water climate of lakes as the season transition from Spring to Summer, for instance, is the best range for walleye fishing— which rises for up to 65 to 75 degree.

Walleye Fishing Equipment

The Definitive Guide to Walleye Fishing for Beginners


When it comes to baits, yellow pikes both prefer natural baits and artificial lures. Although take note that they are somewhat selective as well, and they prefer live creatures than those that are made of synthetic material. Nightcrawlers, minnows, and leeches, for instance, are a few of their favorite baits. On the other hand, if the plan is to use synthetic lures, jigs are a go-to according to experienced fishers.


1.    Trolling Rod. Rods of this type must be sturdy enough to resist the pull of fish once it bites the bait. As such, it will require to use a long one; typically, 7 to 8’6 feet. Remember that in this technique, the distance between the angler stands and where the lure was cast off must be far. Also, it will need a durable blank that can withstand the bending once the target bites the bait.

2.    Jigging Rod. Basically, these rods are compact and lightweight. It is to ensure the rod will able to relay the movement well. And as for seasoned anglers, it is best to get one that has a sensitive handle and blank. For that reason, it needs to be shorter than the usual size. A rod with a length of 5’9 to 6 feet is a good one to start with although some enthusiasts use shorter than the mentioned size.


1.    Spincasting Reel. For amateurs, this one is the most recommended by seasoned anglers simply because it is the easiest to manage among others. The individual only needs to press a button on the tool’s rear part, and then a line will come off as it is being cast. The user will be less likely to experience a backlash from this as well.

2.    Spinning Reel. This one is the most popular and widely used reel. It is an excellent reel to utilize when it comes to fishing walleye as well other species. Apart from that, it has an anti-reverse feature which allows the line to pull back; perfect when fighting with massive and strong fish.


Walleye are among the many species amateur anglers prefer to start with. Aside from it is an enticing and challenging yet fun activity, it is easy to begin with as well.

On the one hand, beginners must learn the ins and outs of it first. That includes the techniques on how to catch walleye, the right equipment to use, and where to find them. As such, it is apparent that yellow pike fishing should be taken seriously.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter