What Is Walleye And How To Hunt Them

Walleye is a freshwater fish native to the waters of North America and Canada. It is a close relative of the European zander or pikeperch.

Yellow pike has a body which resembles the shape of a torpedo and is tricky to distinguish sometimes. It has two separated dorsal fins; first is the anterior part which has strong spines and the second which has softer spines.

Its color comes in two shade as well. The upper part is dark olive while the walleye’s bottom is golden yellow. Apart from that, each side of the fish has brassy spots too.

When it comes to its size and weight, yellow pike can grow for up to 35 inches. However, its standard large size is 25 inches only. Their average weight, on the one hand, ranges from 1 to 2 pounds, but sometimes can exceed for up to 10 pounds.

Furthermore, the walleye has different names in different states they are native to. Say, in parts of Canada, they call it pickerel. In other states of North America, they call it yellow walleye or yellow pike.

Where do they Usually Stay and Hide?

What Is Walleye And How To Hunt Them
What is Walleye and How to Hunt Them

Walleye can be found in several bodies of water such as reservoirs, lakes, and rivers. On the one hand, they are among the many species that are difficult to locate. They tend to stay and dwell in deeper parts of water; typically not less than 10ft.

In fact, to track and find them requires understanding several factors that could influence their choice of location and behavior. It includes water temperature, the structure of water, light conditions, and types of cover they use.

Yellow pike can be found both in deep and shallow parts of water. However, they prefer deeper areas more than shallow waters. They usually stay between the range of 10 to 40 ft. The depth varies depending on the season as well. Say, during Spring in Midwest lakes, yellow walleyes stay in the bottom of 10 to 15 ft and shifts to 15 to 25 ft as Summer arrives.  But take note that the depth varies depending on the body water as well as the location.

Furthermore, temperature plays a vital role in abundant walleye angling as well. For instance, the water climate of lakes as the season transition from Spring to Summer is the best range for walleye fishing, which takes up to 65 to 75 degree. On the other hand, the typical rage during spring is 45-65 degrees and 75 to 80 degrees in summer. Hence, temperate water signifies that pickerels are gathered at the bottom of that area.

When is the Peak Season?

Peak Season
What is Walleye and How to Hunt Them

Walleyes can be fished at any time of the year. The only thing anglers need to heed is when or what season can provide plentiful yellow pike fishing. As what was mentioned above, knowing how to locate them using different indicators like water temperature, depth, and water structure are also essential for abundant walleye fishing.


As spring arrives, pickerels start to spawn already. It usually occurs when water temperature is 42° F to 45° F. As such, they tend to gather in shallow parts of water but is close to the bottom to make sure that they can cover themselves. During this season, yellow pikes are hungry and aggressive. Thus, capturing them is less tricky.


As summer starts, the eggs spawned during spring are already hatched and are already four to six inches long. This time, they are usually staying in deeper portions of water, and their favorite is insects. That said, before fishing, make sure that the area is deep and the lure resembles any kind of insect.


Fall is when they start to become aggressive again. They feed off at any edible living organism at this time of the year as a preparation for the upcoming winter. As such, it is easier for enthusiasts to catch them. However, it can also be a little bit tough as the water climate is shifting as well. Remember that as the temperature drops, pickerels tend to go somewhere deeper.


Walleye is one of the many fish types beginners can start with. It is an enticing and at the same time tricky and challenging, which seasoned fishers admire about it. Enthusiasts must learn beforehand the ins and outs of it, including techniques on how to catch walleye, the right angling gear to use, and where to find them. As such, it is apparent that walleye angling should not be taken lightly.

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